This industry is concerned with the production and sale of energy, including fuel extraction, manufacturing, refining and distribution, together with the preservation of the environment through businesses and initiatives.
In ecology - the study of life - jobs range from habitat management and consultancy to ecological surveying and research.
Technology is at the centre of all engineering positions. In terms of energy and the environment there is a focus on work that keeps modern life moving or maintains our planet.
Environmental services ensure household and business waste is collected, treated and disposed of responsibly. Recycling the waste into new resources and energy is also part of this industry, working on innovative recycling solutions.
Geologists put their understanding of our planet into practice at natural resource companies, environmental consulting companies, government agencies, non-profit organisations and universities. Field work and laboratory time provides the basis for reports.
Essentials of home life such as power and water fall under the term utilities, generally speaking the firms hat provide the infrastructure of key public services.
"We are like tenant farmers chopping down the fence around our house for fuel when we should be using Nature's inexhaustible sources of energy — sun, wind and tide." Thomas Edison, inventor of the electric light bulb.
Did you know?
Nuclear fusion is the energy source that gives the highest output, however ongoing environmental concerns prevent it becoming a widespread source of energy globally.
This industry offers placements and internships to undergraduates which are ideal for initial training, exploring jobs available and making contacts. It is advisable to take part in at least one before you graduate or start looking for jobs.
With concerns about carbon footprints and a focus on renewable energy, second-guessing what our future energy needs will be and changing the way we consume energy will dominate managerial decisions affecting all job areas.
Methodical thinking and approaching challenges from a variety of angles are necessary skills. Adapting to change, forward planning and problem solving are also vital in a time of change for the industry.
Jobs roles are varied, but there are often specific degrees needed required. General management, finance and IT may only need a 2.2 degree in any subject as the majority of specialist knowledge will be gained either in-house or on courses.
Jobs related to the environment will require a degree in the relevant area such as mechanical, electrical or civil engineering. A postgraduate course may be a requirement for roles in aerospace, research and development or the geo-sciences.
Demand is high for skilled engineers and technicians, scientists, operatives and customer care staff in particular and for flexibility and adaptability necessary across all occupations in an ever-changing working environment.
There are increasing opportunities for the green-minded to implement their ideas. There is no easy-fix to the long-term problem of providing energy for the nation, and the challenges in finding workable solutions should mean promising graduate prospects.
Right for you?
The UK is legally committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80 percent by 2050 and aims to have a green economy by the end of the 21st century. You'll be at the forefront of ensuring this happens.